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Chemical Process Technology

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Monday, February 23, 2009

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High pressure feedwater pumps are subject to overheating and subsequently very rapid damage if used at low flow as compared to the rated capacity. The minimum flow required for pump protection is specified by the pump manufacturer. It is never less than 15% and can sometimes be 40% or more. When the flow required by the boiler is below this limit, the feedwater pump flow demand is artificially increased by discharging to the deaerator or sometimes to the condenser through a recirculation valve. The recirculation valve is required to operate either on-off within a selected range of values of flow to the boiler, or in modulating service. In this case, the flow through the control valve is equal to the difference between the pump minimum flow and the actual flow to the boiler. Modulating service avoids the waste of energy since the recirculated flow is kept at the minimum acceptable value, but it is more severe in terms of valve service.

Several precautions may have to be taken while selecting this type of recirculation valve :
  1. Cavitation
  2. Pressure drop distribution
  3. Axial / Radial design
  4. Shut-off/ Wire drawing
  5. Clogging
  6. Vibration
  7. Failure position

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posted by Webworm, 12:51 PM


Blogger scooby said...

I gone through your blog and found it very relevant but i have some doubt regarding working of high pressure pumps and the term clogging.Please provide some information on these to.


June 23, 2009 at 4:54 AM  

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