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Chemical Process Technology

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Friday, December 25, 2009

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Natural gas is known as one of the world’s cleanest fossil fuel and it burns to form Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Water (H2O) without  or with minimal smoke subject to composition. Increased world crude demand and price has slowly pushing energy consumers shift from conventional crude based fuel i.e. gasoline, kerosene, etc to natural gas based fuel i.e. liquefied natural gas (LNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), Gas-to-liquid (GTL), etc.

Natural gas conventionally is distributed in gas network. Distribution by gas network will only feasible and cost effective in limited distance i.e. 3000-3500 km. Natural gas may be compressed and stored in very high pressure storage tank. However, high capital cost in high pressure storage tank and high safety risk has driven users look for better transportation and storage option. Liquefying natural gas is one of the option can be most feasible and cost effective. Natural gas in the form of LNG,cooled to minus 160-163 degree Celcius at atmospheric pressure, approximate 600 times smaller than its gaseous state, make it so cost effective in storage and long distance transportation.

In recent net search, there are number of LNG related video clips available in educating, promoting and awareness creation about LNG.

Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have developed a small-scale Liquid Natural Gas systems to expand the use of clean fuel at an affordable cost.

Pulse of the Port details a proposal for a Liquified Natural Gas Plant at the Port of Long Beach.

One of the largest gas field in the world is located in the sea between Qatar and Iran. Qatar is expanding its fleet of ships to deliver liquified natural gas (LNG) to world market.

BP LNG Tangguh

Terminal operated by Terminale LNG Adriatico Srl, a company owned by Qatar Terminal Limited (45%), ExxonMobil Italiana Gas (45%) and Edison (10%), will be the first offshore facility in the world for unloading, storing and regasifying natural gas. This facility will thus play a key role in increasing Italys energy security and will make the Italian natural gas market more competitive.

The world's largest oil and gas project Sakhalin-2 has begun to produce LNG for the world market. Russia's first LNG cargo will be delivered to Japan.

Second LNG tanker for the Sakhalin-2 field

The following video clips were presented earlier in "LNG and Supply Chain".

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posted by Webworm, 8:04 AM


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